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Western Desert

Western Desert Who doesn't know about the Nile Valley with the Pyramids and Valley of the Kings, or the Eastern Egypt with Sinai and the Red Sea? Less know about the New destination in Egypt, which is: the Western Desert and it's Oases
This desert was previously called the "Libyan Desert" and covers an area of 680'000 square kilometers - or two third of Egypt. As it's hard to understand this size by numbers alone, let us mention that this area is equal to a combined size of these seven countries; Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway and Switzerland!
In east lies "Ramla El Kebir" (The Great Sand Sea), a huge area of moving sand dunes where nobody should even think about venturing without the best possible expertise and team. South of Ramla El Kebir is Gilf Kebir - a mountain plateau with numerous valleys. The size of Gilf Kebir is about the size of Switzerland.

There are 7 oasis communities of “main importance” among a handful of smaller places. Getting to the oases is straightforward. There are good roads and plenty of public transportation that costs next nothing compared with Western price levels.

The oases are famed for their numerous mineral and sulphur-rich springs, distinguished by their unique chemical composition which places them at a high level world-wide. In addition, the silt contained in these wells has numerous curative properties for the treatment of bone, stomach, chest and skin ailments. Most of the wells are found in the Fayoum, Kharga, Dakhla, Farafra, Bahariya and Siwa Oases as well as in the Qattara Depression.

The Western Desert is another land of history and beauty. The desert with its oases abounds in legends. Pharaohs, Kings, Warriors and explorers have all visited this remarkable of silent desert, fertile oases, and treasures.

Monuments and Sight Seeing attractions in western desert



Siwa Oasis

Siwa Oasis is located in the Western Desert of Egypt. It lies in a depression in the middle of the desert, approximately 18 Meter below sea level. The Oasis is 185 Miles south of Mediterranean, and 262 Miles, west of Bahariya Oasis and about 451 Miles western desert Cairo. The Most Significant one, considered one of the biggest oasis in Egypt where great historical events have taken place there, Alexander the Great was crowned a real Pharaoh in Amoun Temple.
Siwa ranks high because of charm, beautiful oasis gardens, bathing possibilities and Pharaonic temples too. Siwa, one of the most mysterious of all Egypt's oases, is also the most fascinating. Its history has not only been shaped by all major civilizations, but also by the contrast of the surrounding desert. You can enjoy many visits in Siwa as Temple of the oracle and Mountain of the dead


Bahariya Oasis
Bahariya, known in ancient times as the Northern Oasis, and sometimes called the Small Oasis, lies in a large depression 224 Miles southwest of Cairo, Wherever you stay, enjoy the tranquility of the Bedouin lifestyle, the date groves and pigeon towers. Bahariya Oasis is famous for their palm trees, olives, apricots, rice and corn. Bawiti is the capital of Bahariya Oasis that occupies a hillside. The oasis is famous for their 398 mineral and sulphur springs.
The most famous are Bir Hakima, Bir Halfa, Bir Al Matar, and Bir El Ghaba. Moreover; you can enjoy the hilltop ruin 'the English House', the Temple of Alexander the great and the Golden Valley Mummies which has been recently discovered in a Roman necropolis,


Farafra Oasis
Farafra is known as Ta-iht or the Land of the Cow in Pharaonic time. It lies North West of El Dakhla, where the ruins of Kasr El Farafra and Kasr of Abou Monkara and also the cemetery of El Bagawat, 349 Miles western desert Cairo and bordered by a limestone escarpment.

There are hot sulphur springs at Bir Setta and El-Mufid Lake where you can swim. Moreover; the oasis houses Qasr Al-Farafra and Qasr Abu Minqar, which are ruins of Roman buildings. The dominant geological feature to the northeast of the Farafra depression is the white desert. Although no oasis offers as limited number of sights as Farafra, it is highly recommended because of charm, great bathing possibilities. The gardens are nice and there are some remaining traditional houses too.


Dakhla Oasis
El Dakhla Oasis is located 466 Miles far from Cairo, about 193 Miles to the southeast of Farafra.
Dakhla is the best to visit because it offers the best preserved architecture of all of Egypt's' oases. In some villages, people still live almost like the way their ancestors did. Also there is a selection of fine oasis gardens, and a Pharaonic temple makes you realize how deep the history of the oases really is.
Dakhla Oasis was dominated on its northern horizon by a wall of rose-colored rock. Fertile cultivated areas are dotted, between sand dunes, along the roads between Farafra and Kharga in this area of outstanding natural beauty.

The capital, Mut, houses the Museum of Heritage, a traditional house. Rooms, with sculpted clay figures, are arranged to show different aspects of Al Dakhla culture and family life. Islamic Village of Al-Qasr, about 35km from Mut, houses ruins of an Ayubid mosque. The Pharaonic Balat tombs date back to the 2400 BC and Qalamon village dates back to the Turkish era. On the way back to Mut, located Bir Al Gabal, a palm-fringed salt lake where you can camp and picnic.


Kharga Oasis
El Kharga Oasis is located 357 Miles far from Cairo and 143 Miles far from Luxor. So it is nearer to Luxor than any other Egyptian town. Today, it is the biggest New Valley oasis.
El Kharga Oasis is characterized by its numerous monuments like Hibis Temple, dedicated to the holy triad, Amun Ra, Mut and Khonsu. South of El Kharga Oasis, are beautiful landscapes, sand dunes and water wells. It was called during the ancient Egyptian time the Oasis of Thebes. The Greek historian Herodotus mentioned that the Persian great king Campuses sent a huge army, about 50,000 men from Thebes, in order to destroy the oracle temple of Amon -Zeus at Siwa.
The huge army reached the Oasis of El Kharga, to be provided with water and food, then they marched towards Siwa but the campaign was vanished and no one till now can tell what really happened. Some historians suggested that the Persian army was lost in the desert and was sunken in the Great Sea of Sand which extends along the borders between Egypt and Libya.
The thermal springs of Bulaq and Nasser to the south, are famous for water temperatures up to 43 C and reputed to be suitable for the treatment of rheumatism and allergies