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Luxor

Luxor Luxor is located to the south of Cairo 416 Miles, one of the most important tourist destination in Egypt, It is about 416km2 and inhabitants reaches about 360, 503 inhabitant. The weather is rather hot in Summer time and fine in winter.

Luxor, one of the greatest capitals of the ancient world, has often been called the world's greatest open-air museum, used to be known as "Thebes" capital of Egypt during the ancient Egyptian period. It was the seat of power for about 1350 year. It has been a tourist destination since the beginning of tourism. Even in ancient times, during the late Dynasties of the Greek and Roman periods, the area drew tourists, and has been doing so ever since.
Today, Luxor is well equipped to accommodate tourists & to serve people from many countries that descend on this area of the Nile Valley every year.

Monuments and Sight Seeing attractions in Luxor


Karnak Temple

This temple is situated in the East bank to the Northern end of Luxor, about 2 Miles from Luxor train station. Karnak temple was constructed from the beginning of the Middle kingdom around 2040 BC, to the Greek – Roman Kingdom. Every king during these periods contributed in the construction of this temple. Karnak Temple has three main sacred areas covered more than 100 acres, that honor three god: Amun-Ra, the goddess Mut, and Khonsu, were members of the sacred family known as the Theban Triad, In Karnak temple is The Impressive Hypostyle Hall Has 134 Soaring Columns; Each Column Is Carved with Scenes of Gods and Pharaohs; The Inscriptions on the Walls Tell Their Stories of War and Peace.


Luxor Temple
The magnificent Temple of Luxor is located in downtown on the East bank of the Nile in Luxor.
It was built by Amenhotep III in 18th dynasty in the new kingdom around 1400 BC, and it was completed by Ramses II during the 19th Dynasty around 1250 BC. It was dedicated to the great god Amun-Ra, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu together representing the Theban Triad. It was the center of the most important festival which was celebrated in ancient time. The festival name was the Opet festival held from Karnak temple to Luxor temple that were linked together by Sphinx avenue, the entire avenue was more 1,7 Miles long, and must have had more than 2000 sphinxes all together.


Luxor Museum

It is situated in Luxor, parallel to the Corniche Street, between Luxor and Karnak temples; It was built because of the storage problems in the Cairo Museum, so the government decided to build new museums on various places in Egypt.
Luxor city gain this museum to be the first one and today it has a very wonderful collection of finds in the Luxor area.
It was built since President Abd Al Nasser presidency and finished in 1975.
This Museum is divided into two floors, although this building is small, it contains masterpieces from the Middle kingdom and New kingdom such as pottery, jewelry, furniture, statues and stelae selected from the Theban temples and necropolis.
There are many statues for King Thutmosis III, Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton), and Tut Ankh Amoun. The most important thing is the Mummy of Ahmos together with Ramses I which were exhibited since September 2004.


The Valley of The Kings

The secret Valley of the Kings is located on the West bank of the river Nile at Luxor. It is situated 16 Miles from Luxor train station.
It was used for burial; there are many kings between 1504 -1000 BC, buried in this valley. Moreover, the shapes of the tombs have been changed from pyramids style to the cut rock tombs in the mountain. The Valley of the Kings actually has two sections, the East Valley and the West Valley. The East Valley, in which most of the tombs of the New Kingdom Pharaohs can be found, is one of the most places visited by tourists. It consists of 62 tombs, which were arranged at first according to their dates of discovery, but after that they were geographically arranged.
The most known tombs are King Thutmosis I, Thutmosis III, Tut-Ankh-Amon, King Ramses VI, King Mrenptah and Amenhotep II. The tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amun is famous as it was the only tomb found intact as it evidently had remained hidden until its discovery in 1922.


The Valley of the Queens

It is located in Luxor, west bank of the river Nile, one and a half kilometers southwest of the Valley of the Kings It was built to house the tombs of the queens, princes and Princess of the XVIII, XVIV, and XX dynasties..
Valley of the Queens is also known as Biban al Harim and Ta Set Neferu, which means "seat of beauty". From 1903 to 1906, an Italian expedition discovered about eighty tombs, some of which belonged to children of royalty. The plan of these tombs usually consists of a small antechamber, long narrow corridor with several side chambers and at the end the burial chamber. The most famous of all the tombs is for queen Titi, most probably queen from the 20th dynasty.


Colossi of Memnon
They are situated at the entrance of the West bank in Luxor about 14 Miles from Luxor train station. They were built by Amenhotep III known as Memnon the Greek Period.
This Funerary temple was built for the funerary ceremonies during the kings' coronation. These two quartz statues represent the king seated upon his throne which bears the symbols of the Upper and Lower God Nile Hapi. They have not always stood where they are today. They once stood before the mud brick pylon of a mortuary temple. Few of its remains can be seen, but its layout has been established from soundings of the area, after the destruction of the Temple, its blocks reused in the construction of the Karnak temple.


Hatchepsut Temple
It is situated 15 Miles from Luxor train station. This monumental complex lies at Al Dier Al Bahari, on the Western bank of the river Nile.
It was built by Queen Hatchepsut, daughter of Thutmosis I, who ruled Egypt about 21 years during the 18th dynasty1490—1469 B.C).
She was considered the first and only women who get the Pharaoh title; as it was representing as a man all the time. Concerning here death there isn't any thing proof whether she was murdered or dead. It was built as a dedication to God Amon-Re, who was Hatchepsut father in her legend. Hieroglyphic Name is Maat-ka-Ra, Which translated to (justify is the Ka of Ra).
The Temple of Hatchepsut was built from the rock it self. It consists of three terraces. There is a leading ramp to ascent from one terrace to another. There are many scenes depicted her with God Amon-Re who was the chief god in the 18th dynasty.


Valley of the Nobles tombs
The Valley of The Nobles is located on the west bank of Luxor, in an area called Sheik Abd El-Korna. The site has rock cut tombs of Nobles, and high officials of ancient Egypt, who once served the Pharaohs during the time of the New Kingdom. (1500 - 500 BC).
Among the most important tombs in this cemetery is the tomb numbered 55, which belonged to Ra-Mose. He was the mayor of Thebes, and during the end of the reign of Amenhotep III (Amenophis III) and his son Akhenaton, the vizier.


Dendera temple

The temple is located in Dendera which is situated at the north of Luxor about 38 Miles, the Temple of Dendera was built in the 1st century B.C and it is one of the best-preserved Temples in the whole of Egypt! Ptolemy VIII and Queen Cleopatra II built it, and then later, Roman Emperors continued to decorate it and honor the Goddess Hathor; the Goddess of maternity, love and music. The Greeks identified the Goddess Hathor as Aphrodite.


Abydos temple
It is located in Abydos city about 84 Miles north of Luxor. The temple was built by King Seti I, and completed by his son King Ramses II around 1225 BC, known as temple of Seti I.It was built on the honor of God Osiris (God of mummifications.
This temple was built mainly of Limestone, but a part of it was built of sand stone. This Temple Consists of: 1.Pylon 2.1st Open Court 3.2nd Open Court 4.1st Hypostyle Hall 5.2nd Hypo style Hall 6.7th shrines 7.Hall of Osiris 8.Small Hall of Osiris 9.Southern Wings